シラバス Syllabus

授業名 Law and the Environment
Course Title Law and the Environment
担当教員 Instructor Name Anthony Townley
コード Couse Code NUC416_N20A
授業形態 Class Type 講義 Regular course
授業形式 Class Format
単位 Credits 2
言語 Language EN
科目区分 Course Category
学位 Degree BBA
開講情報 Terms / Location 2020 UG Nisshin Term2

授業の概要 Course Overview

Misson Statementとの関係性 / Connection to our Mission Statement

授業の目的(意義) / Importance of this course

The Law and the Environment course introduces students to the legal concepts and mechanisms that are designed to protect the environment for a more sustainable future. More specifically, this course uses case methodology to examine environmental legal reform at all judicial levels, including local government, national (including constitutional) and international regulations in Japan and other countries and students are required to actively participate in class discussions to develop their frontier spirit.

到達目標 / Achievement Goal

本授業の該当ラーニングゴール Learning Goals


LG1 Critical Thinking
LG2 Diversity Awareness
LG3 Ethical Decision Making
LG4 Effective Communication

受講後得られる具体的スキルや知識 Learning Outcomes

The Law and the Environment course provides students with a critical understanding of the need for legal reform to protect the environment upon which humans depend to live. As an outcome of taking this course, you will be able to identify key environmental legal issues that affect government actions, business activities, human health, and environmental resources. In addition, you will learn some legal mechanisms to oppose or promote actions that pose environmental risks or benefits and associated legal terminology.

SDGsとの関連性 Relevance to Sustainable Development Goals

教育手法 Teaching Method

教育手法 Teaching Method % of Course Time
インプット型 Traditional 30 %
参加者中心型 Participant-Centered Learning ケースメソッド Case Method 70 %
フィールドメソッド Field Method 0 %
合計 Total 100 %

事前学修と事後学修の内容、レポート、課題に対するフィードバック方法 Pre- and Post-Course Learning, Report, Feedback methods

○ Case readings are assigned for each class. Students are expected to commit at least three (3) hours to carefully read the assigned material before classes and prepare to offer meaningful questions and discussion during class. Students should come to class with questions and comments already prepared in order to be best prepared to positively contribute. In addition, students should be ready to explain their ideas, and listen and respond to the ideas of others both during group work and class discussions. Active learning requires that each student be ready to articulate and support his or her own ideas.

○ Students will receive written feedback for all written assessment to assist students with the development of their writing skills and the coherent organization of documents. Each class will also conclude with oral feedback that reflects on student participation in group activities and class discussion.

授業スケジュール Course Schedule


We examine how civilization has traditionally believed that humans were given dominion over nature’s plants and animals to serve their own needs, which has historically framed law-making to protect human-centered interests, or anthropocentrism. It is now evident that legal systems need to operate to protect all biological life on Earth, because anthropocentric legal systems not only drastically degrade ecosystems, but also threaten human survival.

Anthropocene - the Age of Man.


Scientists are now comprehensively documenting the effects of climate change, which largely stem from global warming caused by human socio-economic activities and are already significantly affecting daily life. We explore the critical aspects of an increasingly hotter planet in order for students to develop some contextual understanding of the urgent need for environmental law reform.

The Climate Crisis!


The Plastic Straws Regulation Act seeks to establish a protocol for food establishments in coastal areas of the Philippines with regard to the consumption and disposal of plastic straws. Straws are one of the most common types of litter, yet they can’t be recycled. Instead they end up in landfills, as litter, or in waterways. This results in garbage-clogged seas around the Philippines and kills dead marine-life that mistake straws for food. The Plastic Straws Regulation Act implements an “offer-first” policy, where customers will only be provided plastic straws upon request.

Save Our Seas.


The Tax Reduction for Eco-Car Act (the Eco-Car Act) was amended in 2019 as one of the solutions for reducing global warming in Japan. Human-induced global warming is now causing adverse weather patterns that impact the environment and one of the main causes of global warming is vehicle emissions. Even though Japan is known as a country which has advanced technology for electric vehicles (EVs), its diffusion rate is not high compared to other countries. As one of the solutions for the issue, the Japanese government decided to reduce the consumption tax payable on EVs from 2019 in order to encourage sales and reduce carbon emissions in Japan.

No More Gas Guzzlers.


The Paris Climate Agreement (PCA) can be considered as the primary legal agreement in the 21st Century in combating climate change. However, we examine the legal mechanisms for the Trump Administration to withdraw from the PCA based on the premise that developed countries have more onerous obligations to mitigate climate change, which in-turn hurt the US economy. We also examine further concerns that the US’s withdrawal from the PCA has initiated a domino effect, whereby other countries like Brazil are also considering to withdraw.

Power to Paris.


Most countries now have some form of constitutional protection for the environment to prevent serious industrial pollution and help mitigate climate change. Thailand has implemented effective constitutional reforms that apply across the socioeconomic spectrum from governmental environmental duties to individual environmental duties. Constitutional protection for the environment ensures that Thailand is implementing other legal reforms for sustainable development.

Top-Down Legal Reform.


Based on the knowledge of environmental law acquired throughout the course, students will work in groups to develop a new law to help protect the environment at NUCB in some way.

A More Sustainable NUCB.

成績評価方法 Evaluation Criteria

講師用内規準拠 Method of Assessment Weights
コールドコール Cold Call 0 %
授業内での挙手発言 Class Contribution 40 %
クラス貢献度合計 Class Contribution Total 40 %
予習レポート Preparation Report 35 %
小テスト Quizzes / Tests 0 %
シミュレーション成績 Simulation 0 %
ケース試験 Case Exam 0 %
最終レポート Final Report 25 %
期末試験 Final Exam 0 %
参加者による相互評価 Peer Assessment 0 %
合計 Total 100 %

評価の留意事項 Notes on Evaluation Criteria

使用ケース一覧 List of Cases


教科書 Textbook

  • N/A「Not Applicable」N/A(N/A)

参考文献・資料 Additional Readings and Resource

Additional resource readings will be posted on Google Classroom.

授業調査に対するコメント Comment on Course Evaluation


担当教員のプロフィール About the Instructor 

Anthony Townley completed his Master (MA) and Doctoral (PhD) degrees in Applied Linguistics at Macquarie University (Sydney, Australia). Anthony previously completed a Bachelor of Laws (LLB) at Queensland University of Technology (Brisbane, Australia) and a Bachelor of Arts in Modern Asian Studies (BA) at Griffith University (Brisbane, Australia).

Anthony has accumulated 25 years of varied professional work experience, most recently as the Director of Academic Writing at at Koç University in Istanbul. He has also worked as a commercial lawyer in Sydney and as an English language instructor, in a variety of teaching and administrative roles in Australia, Turkey and Japan. His special teaching areas include: English for Specific Purposes (ESP), Academic Writing, Legal Writing and English as a Foreign Language (EFL) and he is currently undertaking sociolinguistic research of legal/business discourse practices in Japan.

(実務経験 Work experience)

Professor, Nagoya University of Commerce and Business (2018 - present).

Director of Academic Writing Program, Koç University, Istanbul (2015 – 2017)

Academic Writing & Legal Writing Instructor, Koç University, Istanbul (2009 – 2017).

Academic Writing Consultant, Open Society Foundation, New York (2008 - 2017).

In-House Commercial Lawyer, TeleResources Engineering, Sydney (2006 – 2008).

EFL Language Instructor, Morioka English Academy, Iwate Japan (2002 – 2004).

Commercial Lawyer, Corrs, Chambers, Westgarth, Sydney (2000 – 2002).

Refereed Articles

  • (2024) A scaffolded speaking and writing ELP course for commercial lawyers: an action research case study from an undergraduate law school in Istanbul. Journal of English for Academic Purposes
  • (2023) International Merger and Acquisition: A Site of Interdisciplinary and Intertextual Discourse Activity. Business and Professional Communication Quarterly 2329-4906
  • (2022) The Use of a Multi-Perspectival Research Model for a Discourse Study of M&A Commercial Law Practice. Journal of Applied Linguistics and Language Research 9(1): 2376-760X
  • (2022) The use of discourse expertise to control the provision of legal services and establish discursive hegemony in commercial law practice: a case study from Europe. International Journal of Legal Discourse 2364-883X
  • (2021) The Use of Discourse Maps to Teach Contract Negotiation Communicative Practices. Business and Professional Communication Quarterly 84(1): 2329-4906

Refereed Proceedings

  • (2019). It Doesn’t Always Pay to be Polite in Business: the Discourse Realities of Facework and Im/politeness Discourse Strategies in Contract Negotiation using Email Communication. Proceedings of the Third JALT Business Communication SIG Conference .It doesn’t always pay to be polite in business: the discourse realities of facework and im/politeness discourse strategies in contract negotiation using email communication. 1. 2. Toyo University, Tokyo